Second to the oil and gas industry, textiles is the world's second largest polluter.
High energy use from textile manufacturing is a large source for pollution. The purchase and use of clothing contributes to approximately 3% of the world's CO2 emissions. This translates to roughly over 850 million tonnes (Mt) of CO2 a year, from manufacturing, logistics, and usage such as washing, drying, and ironing .
The traditional way of printing/dyeing and finishing of fabrics also involves the use of hazardous chemicals (ie. NPE). Growing cotton uses large amounts of fertilizers and pesticides. In 2009, cotton accounted for 6.2% of total global pesticide sales and 14.1% of insecticide sales for all crops . The use, overuse and misuse of pesticides can cause health effects to farmers and surrounding ecosystems .